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Locative


This is the only case that is always used with a preposition. The primary function of this case is to indicate place. The Locative can also express indirect objects and time.

Suffixes :
sg. pl.
m
-u: bulevar-u, momk-u
   Mark-u, Đorđ-u
-ima: bulevar-ima, momc-ima
f
-i: žen-i, devojc-i -ama: žen-ama, devojk-ama
-i: reč-i -ima: reč-ima
n
-u: pism-u, polj-u
-u: ime-n-u
-ima: pism-ima, polj-ima
   ime-n-ima

The locative singular form of feminine gender nouns and the locative plural form of masculine gender nouns, both have a sound alternation k>c, g>z, h>s in front of the suffixes -i/-ima.
e.g. Devojka devojci, knjiga knjizi, svrha svrsi, dečak dečacima, dijalog dijalozima, monah monasima
There are several nouns which represent exceptions to this rule : kolega kolegi, baka baki, tačka tački, epoha epohi/eposi, mačka mački

All nouns have the same form in the dative and the locative singular, as well as in the plural for the dative, the instrumental and the locative.

Usage

1) Place

The prepositions used with the locative to indicate place are: U, NA, PO.
a) The locative used with the prepositions U and NA is given as the answer to the question: Gde?
e.g. Gde spavaš? U hotelu / hotelima. Gde se deca igraju? U dvorištu / dvorištima.

b) Locative denoting place with the preposition PO is most frequently used with verbs of movement. It answers the question: Kuda?
e.g. Kuda se šetate? Šetamo se po gradu / ulici / polju.

2) Time

Nouns / noun phrases in the locative expressing time are preceded by the preposition U. It answers the question: Kada? The following group of nouns usually appear in the locative expressing time:
- Nouns denoting months (e.g. u martu, u aprilu, u maju ...)
- Nouns denoting some longer periods of time (e.g. u detinjstvu, u mladosti ...)

3) The indirect object

It is represented by a noun / noun phrase in locative preceded by the preposition O. It answers the question: O kome? (for animate) O čemu? (for inanimate)
e.g. O kome razgovarate? O devojci / devojkama. O čemu pričaš? O filmu / filmovima.

You can try below what you have just lernt. Write your answer and press Enter
In which countries do these people live?
Zoran je Srbin. On živi u .
Sara je Amerikanka. Ona živi u .
Pavel i Joana su Poljaci. Oni žive u .
Kristin i Žak Francuzi. Oni žive u .
Mihajl je Rumun. On živi u .
Vladimir i Svetlana su Rusi. Oni žive u .
Sine je Dankinja. Ona živi u .

Fill in the gaps with the appropriate forms of the words given.
Bogoljub radi u . (prodavnica)
Tanja radi u . (biblioteka)
Deca su u . (škola)
Volim da gledam film u . (bioskop)
Ja sam na . (more)
U je toplije nego napolju. (kuća)

Fill in the gaps with the appropriate forms of the words given.
Novinarka Branka piše o . (moda)
Želi da piše . (politika)
Tvoja priča o je zanimljiva. (život)
Ne volim da razmišljam o . (detinjstvo)
U novinama čitam članak o . (utakmica)
Muškarci često razmišljaju o . (automobili)
Priča o obično udavi. (ljubav)
Babe i dede često pričaju o . (unuci)

Fill in the gaps with the appropriate forms of the words given.
Kada ideš na planinu? Idem na planinu u . (februar)
Kada ideš na more? Na more idem . (avgust)
Kada putuješ u Kinu? Putujem . (septembar)
Kada se živi najbolje? U . (mladost)
Kada se puno plače? U . (detinjstvo)
Kada se sećamo detinjstva? U . (starost)