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Demonstrative pronouns


There are three demonstrative pronouns denoting something that is :

a) in close vicinity and can be touched sg. ovaj, ova, ovo
pl. ovi, ove, ova
b) further away and cannot be touched sg. taj, ta, to
pl. ti, te, ta
c) far away sg. onaj, ona, ono
pl`. oni, one, ona


They have three forms (regarding the masculine, the feminine and the neuter gender) both in the singular and the plural. They behave like adjectives, thus corresponding with the noun in case, gender and number.
e.g. OVAJ čovek. OVA žena. OVO dete.

In everyday spoken Serbian it may very often occur that :
- OVO (sg. n.) and TO (sg. n.) are used as synonyms
e.g. OVO je kuća. TO je kuća.
- the only demonstrative pronouns used to describe the difference in distance are OVO and ONO.
e.g. OVO je kuća a ONO je zgrada.

When functioning as the subject of the sentence they are used in the singular form neuter.
e.g. OVO je Marko a ONO je Zoran.

These demonstrative pronouns can be used together with place adverbs.
OVAJ - OVDE e.g. OVO pismo OVDE pošaljite sutra u Nemačku.
TAJ - TU e.g. Govorimo o TOJ ženi TU pored tebe.
ONAJ - ONDE e.g. Ko je ONAJ čovek ONDE.

Declension

  sg. pl.
  m n f m n f
Nom ovaj ovo ova ovi ova ove
Gen ovog ove ovih
Dat ovom ovoj ovim
Acc =Gen / =Nom ovo ovu ove =Nom =Nom
Inst ovim ovom =Dat
Loc =Dat =Dat =Dat

You can try below what you have just lernt. Write your answer and press Enter
Fill in the gaps with the appropriate forms of the demonstrative pronouns OVAJ, OVA, OVO in the nominative.
Ko je čovek?
Ko je dete?
Ko su ljudi?
Ko su devojke?
Ko je žena?

Put the demonstrative pronouns TAJ, TA, TO in their appropriate cases.
Ko živi u kući?
Idemo prema kafani.
Šta se nalazi iza kuće?
Ne znam ništa o čoveku.
Idem da razgovaram sa detetom.

Fill in the gaps with the appropriate demonstrative pronouns in the appropriate cases.
Hoću da kupim sat tu.
Pogledaj čoveka onde.
Razgovarali smo sa čovekom onde o tvom poslu.
čovek ovde je moj najbolji prijatelj.
drvo tu pored tebe je jako lepo.